Every week, we welcome a group of people that are interested in presenting an official French language proficiency test for immigration purposes. As an official testing centre for TEF and TCF, we often get asked, what is the difference between the TEF and TCF?
In this post we will be explaining that difference, and since we already spoke about the TEF, we will be covering the TCF in more detail. There are different types of TCF exams, depending on the immigration purposes; however, since we apply the TCF-Canada, we will be discussing the test for Canadian citizenship.
The TCF (Test de Connaissance du Français) is a French language proficiency test that meets the standards of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). TCF-Canada results are accepted for the purposes of economic immigration or for obtaining Canadian citizenship.
It is an exam that has been developed by France Education International, an institution that is under the supervision of the Ministry of National Education and Youth in France.
The TCF-Canada consists of four mandatory parts. It evaluates general French language proficiency in listening comprehension, reading comprehension, speaking, and writing divided in:
The level of difficulty of the tasks correspond to the benchmarks specified by the European Framework for Language Learning, Teaching and Evaluation as well as the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB).
The first difference is the institutions that create and organize the test:
They evaluate almost the same competencies, except that the TEF for Canadian citizenship exam considers oral comprehension and oral expression as well.
In comparison, there are more questions in the TEF examen, but less subjects to discuss and write about during the oral and written
comprehension, versus the TCF Canada.
Overall, they are both recognized for immigration purposes and evaluate the same type of competencies and its difficulty is subjective to the level of preparation of the candidate.
When it comes to choosing which exam to take, it might be a question of the type of immigration process that is being done and the availability of spots on test application sessions.